Danish Election Study 1998

Part of series

Principal Investigator

Ole Borre, Institut for Statskundskab, Aarhus Universitet, Universitetsparken
Hans Jørgen Nielsen, Institut for Statskundskab, Københavns Universitet
Jørgen Goul Andersen, Institut for Statskundskab, Aalborg Universitet


Codebook: Variables, universes, concepts, survey design and frequency distribution



See abstract


Danish Election Study 1998 contains data collected by ACNielsen AIM in March-June 1998. # #The following background information is included in the data material: #The respondent's sex, age and marital status; size of the household and number of adults (18 years or more) and children in the household, and age of the children; the respondent's education, occupational status and income as well as private or public employment; periods of unemployment within the last two years; membership of a trade union; total income of the respondent and of the household; ownership of the dwelling; and geographical location and degree of urbanization of the dwelling. # #In addition, the following issues are included: #1. General political attitude: #The most important problems for the politicians to solve; participation in political discussions prior to the election; general interest in politics; vote at the general election on 11 March, 1998; time of decision; whether the respondent voted with enthusiasm, with satisfaction or with mixed feelings; whether the respondent voted for a party or for a candidate, and whether it was a woman or a man; most important reasons for voting as the respondent did; whether the respondent considered voting for another party; the importance of a number of issues in the election campaign for the choice of party; assessment of the individual political parties and the party leaders; vote at the general election in 1994; degree of party affiliation; membership of a political party; whether a number of problems can best be solved by the present Social Democratic government or by a non-Socialist government; attitude to a number of political questions such as: social benefits, standard of living and income, state control of trade and industry, the position of banks and large-scale industry, user payment in the public sector, and benefit of election campaigns in newspapers, on the radio and on TV; attitude to the two main strategies (the 'welfare strategy' and the 'export strategy') for creating more jobs; most important goals for society (maintain law and order; give individuals greater opportunity to influence political decisions; fight against rising prices; protection of freedom of speech); attitude to public expenses in a number of fields; a rise in gross tax and a reduction in general income tax; assessment of public service in a number of areas (libraries; hospitals; primary school; kindergartens and nurseries; home-help); lower taxes versus an improvement of the public sector; lower taxes versus instalments on the national debt; attitude to the Sound bridge and the Great Belt bridge; attitude to a number of views from the political debate; attiude to the proposed changes of the refugee and immigrant policy; general attitude to politics and politicians; degree of trust in Danish politicians; degree of satisfaction with the way democracy functions in Denmark; general attitude to the EU; vote at the Union referendum in 1993; voting intention at the coming EU referndum (the Amsterdam Treaty) on 28 May; reasons for voting yes or no; attitude to a number of views on the EU co-operation; placing on a political left-right scale; placing of the respondent and of the political parties on a scale concerning a number of subjects (how many refugees can the country take in; how large should the public sector be; concern for the environment and 'green' policy; support to families with children; severe penalties versus prevention and humane treatment of criminals; economic retrenchment; the relation to the EU); whether the last general election in Denmark was carried out correctly; whether the political parties take people's views into account; whether political parties are necessary; whether the members of parliament know what the man in the street thinks; whether it makes any difference which party is in power; whether it is of importance whom people vote for; whether the Danes in general say what they think about political matters; whether the Danes choose party on the basis of political attitudes or because of the party leaders they like best; whether refugees should be sent home as soon as possible or should be integrated; whether abuse of the unemployment benefit system is a great problem; whether the respondent remembers the name of any of the candidates who stood for Parliament in the respondent's county or constituency; the country's economic situation compared with last year; the respondent's benefit of the economic upswing; whether the respondent has had any contact with a member of parliament within the last year


Unemployment, Center-right government, Bridge toll, User charge, Family with young children, Social insurance, Democracy, Business community, Refugee, Refugee policy, Refugee issues, Referendum, Member of the danish parliament, General election, Defence expenses, Pollution, Environmental politics, Home care, Attitude towards EU, Income, Circumstances in regards to immigrants, Immigration policy, Public transport, Competitive power, Social service, Crime prevention, Cultural expenses, Standard of living, Poll, Environmental issue, Abuse of social security, Motorway, Public services, Public expense, Residence permit, Leave, Party membership, Party preferences, Choice of party, Police, Political discussion, Political interest, Political position, The activity of the government, Preference of government, Societal goals, Reduction in taxation, Social expenses, National debt, Vote, The Great Belt Bridge, Large-scale industry, Punishment, Sentencing, Subsidy scheme, Assistance to developing countries, Issues regarding education, Educational expenses, Expenses to child care institutions, Refugee expenses, Teaching expenses, European union ballot, Election, Election campaign, Policy for the elderly, Economic growth, The Oresund Bridge


Social stratification and groupings: Children (see also child development and child rearing), Social stratification and groupings: Family life and marriage (including household composition and generations), Social stratification and groupings: Gender and gender roles, Social stratification and groupings: Social and occupational mobility, Housing and land use planning: Housing, Education, Labour and employment: Employment, Economics: Income, property and investment/saving, Labour and employment: Unemployment, Politics: Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion, Politics: Elections, Politics: Government, political systems and organisations, Trade, industry and markets (including branches of the economy): Business/industrial management and organisation, Information and communication: Mass media, Social welfare policy and systems: Social welfare policy, Economics: Economic policy (including budget and fiscal policy, public expenditure and public revenue), Politics: Domestic political issues, Politics: International politics and organisations, Social stratification and groupings: Minorities, Economics: Economic conditions and indicators


Geographic Coverage

National, DK

Data set

Order data

Variables: 327
Analysis unit: Individuals, Danish citizens aged 18 or more, living in private households.


In data set: 2001
Original sample: NA


Kind of data: Survey data

Time dimension: Cross-sectional study,

Sampling procedure: NA

Action to minimize loos: NA

Data collection

Mode of collection: Face-to-face interview

Test type: Structured questionnaire

Number of questions: 325

Data Collector: NA

Temporal coverage

Start: 1998-03-01
End: 1998-06-30


Ole Borre, Hans Jørgen Nielsen, Jørgen Goul Andersen, Johannes Andersen, Danish Election Study 1998, Dansk Data Arkiv Danish Data Archive, 2000. 1 data file: DDA-4189, version: 1.0.0, http://dx.doi.org/10.5279/DK-SA-DDA-4189

Persistent identifier:

DOI: 10.5279/DK-SA-DDA-4189

Archive information

Received: 1999-10-01


Study state: The Danish Data Archive has fully documented and preserved the data in a long-term preservation format.
Access conditions: Science and Statistics


DDI-L-3.1 XML Study metadata

Latest version: 1.0.0

Other metadata formats

DDA XML Study description


Primary publications

  • Andersen, Johannes; Borre, Ole; Andersen, Jørgen Goul; Nielsen, Hans Jørgen, Vælgere med omtanke - analyse af folketingsvalget 1998, Århus: Systime A/S, 304 pp., 1999

Secondary publications

  • Drejø, Kristine; Mathiasen, Kenneth Skovdall; Mogensen, Jens Hougaard; Møberg, Rasmus Juul, Økologi, en ny værdi?, Aalborg: Aalborg Universitet, specialeopgave, 110 pp. + appendix, 1999
  • Pedersen, Jonas Holm et al., Private sygeforsikringer - en sund beslutning... For hvem?, Aalborg, specialeopgave, 82 pp., 2001