The Danish Value Survey, cross-sectional 1981-2008

Principal Investigator

Peter Gundelach, Sociologisk Institut, Københavns Universitet


Codebook: Variables, universes, concepts, survey design and frequency distribution



See abstract


This study is based on the Danish contribution to an international, comparative survey research programme: The European Values Survey (EVS) and World Values Survey (WVS) which have been carried out in a number of countries since 1981 using standardized questionnaires.

The purpose of the programme is to measure the values of the population of different European countries. Several topics have been included in the survey.

This study is a cross sectional study for the years 1981 to 2008. This far Denmark has participated in four rounds of EVS/WVS:

The first survey was carried out in 1981 with the participation of 26 countries (DDA-00829). The second survey was carried out in 1990 with the participation of 40 countries (DDA-01523). The third survey was carried out in 1999 (DDA-05837) and the fourth in 2008 (DDA-21432). Denmark did not participate in the survey carried out in 1995.

What makes this data so exceptional and extensive is that the data from the different countries are comparable and collected over a long period of time.

The Value Survey includes a broad spectrum of values but is particularly focused on values regarding:

- Religion
- Work
- Politics
- Overall morality

This makes it possible to formulate hypotheses regarding the individual topics as well as the overall value system.

The questions can be seen as belonging to two main themes:

1: The change and character of the values in the individual sectors. These changes can be connected to the development in different societal institutions.

2: The differences in the development of values in different groups of the population.

In both cases the themes can be examined in a Danish context or through comparison with other countries.


Abortion, euthanasia, Sense of responsibility, Work, Fraud, Occupational conditions, The squatting of properties, Boycott, Prayer, Children, Dane, Democracy, Demonstration, Death penalty, EU, Membership of labour union, Family, The Evangelical Lutheran Church in Denmark, General election, Association activities, Leisure time, Genetically modified foods, Geographical attachment, God, Health, Heaven and hell, Attitude towards immigrants, Homosexuality, Interest in politics, Church attendance, Artificial insemination, Living conditions, Equality, Life after death, Lie, Contributory influence, Meditation, Member of the national church, Trust in your fellow citizens, Environment, Neighbour, Upbringing, Party preferences, Personal happiness, Political position, Political system, Prostitution, Reincarnation, Religion, Religious ceremony, Religious affiliation, Society, Sexual relationships, Suicide, Tax evasion, Divorce, Social offer, Moonlighting, Drink-driving, Citizenship, Strike action, Terrorism, Life satisfaction, Trust in public institutions, Belief in sin, Religious community, Petition, Infidelity, Friends, Scientific research, Marriage


Politics: Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion, Society and culture: Religion and values, Society and culture: Social behaviour and attitudes, Society and culture: Social conditions and indicators, Labour and employment: Employment, Social stratification and groupings: Family life and marriage (including household composition and generations), Politics: International politics and organisations


Age limits,

Geographic Coverage


Data set

Order data

Variables: 441
Analysis unit: Individuals


In data set: 4742
Original sample: NA


Kind of data: Survey data

Time dimension: Other,

Sampling procedure: Simple random sample

Action to minimize loos: NA

Data collection

Mode of collection: Other

Test type: Structured questionnaire

Number of questions: 439

Data Collector: SFI-SURVEY Observa

Temporal coverage

Start: 1981-01-01
End: 2008-09-30


Peter Gundelach, The Danish Value Survey, cross-sectional 1981-2008, Dansk Data Arkiv Danish Data Archive, 2010. 1 data file: DDA-23923, version: 1.0.0, http://dx.doi.org/10.5279/DK-SA-DDA-23923

Persistent identifier:

DOI: 10.5279/DK-SA-DDA-23923

Archive information

Received: 2009-09-21


Study state: The Danish Data Archive has fully documented and preserved the data in a long-term preservation format.
Access conditions: Free access


DDI-L-3.1 XML Study metadata

Latest version: 1.0.0

Other metadata formats

DDA XML Study description


Primary publications