Danish Election Study 1994

Part of series

Principal Investigator

Jørgen Goul Andersen, Institut for Statskundskab, Aalborg Universitet


Codebook: Variables, universes, concepts, survey design and frequency distribution



See abstract


Danish Election Study 1994 contains data collected by the Danish Gallup Institute in October, November and December 1994. # #The following background information is included in the data material: #The respondent's sex, age and marital status; size of the household and number of adults (13 years or more) and children in the household, and age of the children; the respondent's position in the household; the respondent's education, occupational status and income as well as private or public employment; total income of the household; occupational status of the housewife; and type of dwelling and ownership of the dwelling. # #In addition, the following issues are included: #The most important problems for the politicians to solve; interest in the election campaign in the mass media; participation in political discussions prior to the election; general interest in politics; vote at the general election on 21 September, 1994; time of decision; whether the respondent considered voting for another party; the importance of a number of issues in the election campaign for the choice of party; economic considerations in connection with the choice of party; the importance of possible government coalitions after the election for the choice of party; vote at the general election in 1990; degree of party affiliation; assessment of the individual political parties, the party leaders, and the policy the parties have pursued for the last couple of years; assessment of the Government's performance; whether the country's problems can best be solved by a non-Socialist or a Social Democratic government; the country's economy and the family's standard of living compared with last year; the effects of the Government's policy on the respondent's own financial situation, on the country's economy and on unemployment; the effects of the tax reform on the respondent's financial circumstances; reasons for the economic upswing and the rise in interest rates; attitude to the national debt and the budget deficit; the problems concerning overcrowded hospitals and waiting lists; attitude to the criticism raised against the quality of the education in primary school; political questions such as: social benefits, standard of living and income, state control of trade and industry, the position of banks and large-scale industry, Denmark's role in international conflicts, economic growth and combatting of unemployment, possibilities of promoting trade and industry, minimum wage and unemployment, combatting of unemployment, distribution of wage increases at the individual places of work, flexible working hours, more user payment in the public sector, and public services; important goals for society; the distribution of tasks between state and municipalities; attitude to public expenses in a number of fields; attitude to labour market schemes such as early retirement pay, leave arrangements, etc.; attitude to the new tax reform and the future tax policy; priority ordering in connection with possible tax reliefs; attitude to sexual equality; attitude to a number of proposals as to how to combat unemployment; attitude to the invitation of tender for public works; attitude to the wage policy in the public sector; assessment of the productivity in the public and the private sector, respectively; attitude to a Sound bridge; attitude to the Home Service schemes; attitude to a number of views from the political debate; general attitude to politics and politicians; assessment of how democracy functions in Denmark; views on which policy should be pursued in the European Union; general attitude to the EU; whether the respondent voted at the European Parliamentary Elections in June 1994; whether the respondent voted at the Union referendum in 1993; placing of the parties on a political left-right scale; assessment of the policy of the various parties concerning refugees, environmental issues, control of the market forces and economic policy; membership of a trade union; affiliation to a particular social class; purchase of a car in 1993 or 1994; use of the new leave arrangements; re-mortgaging of housing loans; use of public subsidies to housing renovation; use of public child-minding facilities; whether the respondent has a pension scheme; whether the respondent has a number of fringe benefits; and transport to work


Arabic country, Unemployment, Working hours, Working hours walk-out, Employment program, Second job, Maintenance of the home, Center-right government, Citizen's wage, Bridge toll, User charge, Family with young children, Social insurance, Democracy, The public sector, Early retirement, Business community, Euro, Election for the European Parliament, Flexitime, Refugee, Refugee issues, Referendum, Public school, General election, Defence expenses, Pollution, The feeling of being european, Plan of action, Home care, Home service, Attitude toward labour market agreements, Attitude towards EU, Income, Income tax, Reduced introductory pay, Immigrant, International conflict, Public transport, Competitive power, Social service, Crime prevention, Cultural identity, Cultural expenses, Standard of living, Equality, Shopping Act, Increase in wage, Loan conversion, Environmental issue, Minimum wage, Motorway, PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION, Public services, Public expense, Loan renewal, Division of tasks, Leave, Overtime, Transfer payment, Party preferences, Choice of party, Pension scheme, Police, Politician, Political discussion, Political interest, Political party, Political position, Private sector, Productivity in the public versus the private sector, The activity of the government, Preference of government, Interest rate rise, Societal goals, Tax relief, Tax rate, Reduction in taxation, Social position, Social expenses, Social fraud, National debt, Large-scale industry, Punishment, Subsidy scheme, Transportation work, Tax rate, Assistance to developing countries, Education of unemployed, Issues regarding education, Educational expenses, Expenses to child care institutions, Nursing home expenses, Teaching expenses, Outsourcing of public jobs, European union ballot, Welfare state, Waiting list, Violent crime, Policy for the elderly, Economic boom, Economic situation, Economic convergence in the EU, Economic growth


Economics: Economic conditions and indicators, Economics: Economic policy (including budget and fiscal policy, public expenditure and public revenue), Economics: Income, property and investment/saving, Trade, industry and markets (including branches of the economy): Business/industrial management and organisation, Labour and employment: Employment, Labour and employment: Unemployment, Politics: Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion, Politics: Elections, Politics: Domestic political issues, Politics: Government, political systems and organisations, Society and culture: Social conditions and indicators, Social welfare policy and systems: Social welfare policy, Politics: International politics and organisations, Education: Compulsory and pre-school education, Information and communication: Mass media, Housing and land use planning: Housing, Transport, travel (and mobility): Transport, travel (and mobility), Education, Social stratification and groupings: Gender and gender roles, Social stratification and groupings: Family life and marriage (including household composition and generations), Social stratification and groupings: Children (see also child development and child rearing)


Age limits,

Geographic Coverage

National, DK

Data set

Order data

Variables: 520
Analysis unit: Individuals, Danish citizens aged 18 or more.


In data set: 2021
Original sample: NA


Kind of data: Survey data

Time dimension: Cross-sectional (one time) study - partial replication,

Sampling procedure: Other

Action to minimize loos: NA

Data collection

Mode of collection: Face-to-face interview

Test type: Structured questionnaire

Number of questions: 518

Data Collector: NA

Temporal coverage

Start: 1994-10-01
End: 1994-12-30


Jørgen Goul Andersen, Danish Election Study 1994, Dansk Data Arkiv Danish Data Archive, 2002. 1 data file: DDA-2210, version: 1.0.0, http://dx.doi.org/10.5279/DK-SA-DDA-2210

Persistent identifier:

DOI: 10.5279/DK-SA-DDA-2210

Archive information

Received: 1997-01-01


Study state: The Danish Data Archive has fully documented and preserved the data in a long-term preservation format.
Access conditions: Free access


DDI-L-3.1 XML Study metadata

Latest version: 1.0.0

Other metadata formats

DDA XML Study description


Primary publications

  • Andersen, Jørgen Goul and Borre, Ole, Danish Election Survey 1994. Variables, Coding and Marginals, Århus: Department of Political Science, University of Aarhus, Working Paper No. 6, 70 pp., 1996
  • Andersen, Jørgen Goul, Velfærdsstatens folkelige opbakning, Social Forskning. Temanummer om Velfærdsstatens Fremtid. August 1995, pp. 34-45, 1995
  • Andersen, Jørgen Goul, Velfærdssystem, marginalisering og medborgerskab, Dansk Sociologi, nr. 1/7. årg., pp. 6-39, 1996
  • Andersen, Jørgen Goul og Borre, Ole, Projektbeskrivelse. Valgundersøgelsen 1994, Aarhus Universitet, Institut for Statskundskab, Arbejdspapir nr. 1 fra Det danske Valgprojekt, 19 pp., 1995
  • Andersen, Jørgen Goul, (Hvorfor) vinder regeringen ikke på den økonomiske fremgang? Policy vurderinger, policy effects og andre forklaringer, Aarhus Universitet, Institut for Statskundskab, Arbejdspapir nr. 2 fra Det danske Valgprojekt, 32 pp., 1995
  • Andersen, Jørgen Goul, Valgkampen og valget 1994. Valgkampens meningsmålinger, Aarhus Universitet, Institut for Statskundskab, Arbejdspapir nr. 3 fra Det danske Valgprojekt, 35 pp., 1995
  • Andersen, Jørgen Goul, Personer eller politik? Partilederne og 1994-valget, Aarhus Universitet, Institut for Statskundskab, Arbejdspapir nr. 4 fra Det danske Valgprojekt, 34 pp., 1995
  • Andersen, Jørgen Goul, Hvordan skal arbejdsløsheden bekæmpes? Vælgernes syn på arbejdsmarkedspolitikken, Aarhus Universitet, Institut for Statskundskab, Arbejdspapir nr. 5 fra Det danske Valgprojekt, 71 pp., 1995
  • Borre, Ole and Andersen, Jørgen Goul, Voting and Political Attitudes in Denmark. A Study of the 1994 Election, Aarhus University Press, 352, 1997