Dansk

 
DDA-2190

Young People: Educational and Occupational Choice, 1992

Principal Investigator

Documentation

Codebook: Variables, universes, concepts, survey design and frequency distribution

Description

Purpose

See abstract

Abstract

In 1965 the Danish National Institute of Social Research carried out a survey of the educational conditions of the 14 to 20-year-olds. In continuation of this survey it was decided to examine more closely the process leading to the educational conditions mapped out in the 1965-survey. Thus, in the spring of 1968, the Danish National Institute of Social Research carried out a longitudinal survey of the choice of education and occupation of a generation of adolescents at the request of the Ministry of Education. # The aim of this survey, called the youth panel survey, was to examine why some young people choose one education in preference to others and one job in preference to others. Furthermore, the intention was to find out why some young people get an education while others get a job. # Such an aim may best be fulfilled if the survey is longitudinal, i.e. a panel survey, and therefore the survey population consists of 3100 young people, who were to be followed through a period of approx. 6 years, from they were 14-15 till they were 20-21. These young people were selected as a representative sample of all 7th form pupils in the entire country in the spring of 1968. # In order to get as detailed and clear a picture of the process involved in choice of education and occupation an attempt was made at mapping out a large number of aspects which were considered to influence this process. This was done by carrying out various types of interviews, by asking the young people about conditions which did not immediately seem to have any connection with the choice of education and occupation (e.g. spare time activities, and contact with young people of the same age), and by carrying out interviews with the young people's parents and teachers. # On the face of it one might find it sufficient to carry out interviews only once, e.g. when the young people were 25, and then ask the respondents how they had managed. The reason for not doing this was that people only remember a limited number of the aspects which are of importance for how they manage, and as time passes memory becomes more and more distorted. People may answer in such a way that what happened earlier fits in with what happened later. The survey was concerned with what actually happened, and therefore it was necessary to ask about this at the time when it happened, so interviews had to be carried out several times during the course of education and occupation. # #Phase 1: #The first interview with the young people was carried out in May 1968 when the young people, in addition to completing a questionnaire mainly concerning social background, school conditions and spare time activities, completed a questionnaire concerning various social attitudes as well as a questionnaire with three proficiency tests. This first interview was carried out as group interviews in class under the supervision of an interviewer from the Danish National Institute of Social Research. # In addition, the first phase included interviews carried out in May 1968 with the young people's form masters by means of a self-administered questionnaire containing three sections. The first section dealt with general data concerning the teacher and the form; the second section contained the form master's attempt at assessing the educational 'career' of the young people; and the third section included more general assessments where the form master was asked about her/his general attitude to some of the values which the pupils had assessed in the questionnaires they had completed. The questions in the first section of this questionnaire were answered again by the form masters in October 1968 - also by means of a self-administered questionnaire. # Finally, the first phase included postal questionnaire interviews in June 1969 with the young people's parents. Among other things, the parents were asked about their contact with their children's school, and about their expectations as regards their children's education. # #Phase 2: #A somewhat shorter form than the one in phase 1 was completed by the selected young people in 1970. As a rather large number of the young people had by then left school, it was decided to carry out this second interview phase by two stages and by using two different methods. The young people who still attended school participated in group interviews at the school in March under the supervision of a teacher (not under the supervision of an interviewer from the Danish National Institute of Social Research as in 1968, because the pupils now attended different schools - approx. 400 compared with 152 in 1968). In May the young people who had left school were interviewed in their homes by interviewers from the Danish National Institute of Social Research As the two questionnaires used in the group interviews and in the face-to-face interviews were almost alike, an attempt was made at making the two interview situations as similar as possible by handing out an 'empty' questionnaire before the face-to-face interview so that the respondents could follow the questions in this questionnaire during the interview. # #Phase 3: #The third interview phase consisted of face-to-face interviews in May 1971 when the young people were about 17. This time interviews were only carried out with the young people who had left school, i.e. those who had completed the 7th, 8th or 9th form. In addition to questions about job and education, the young people answered questions concerning spare time activities, their friends, their attitude to their parents and their wishes for the future, and as was the case in connection with the face-to-face interview in May 1970 the respondents were given an 'empty' questionnaire. # #Phase 4: #In February 1973 all the selected young people were interviewed (again by means of face-to-face interviews where the respondent received an 'empty' questionnaire). At that time the young people were about 19 and most of them had left school, however, some of them still attended grammar school. In addition to questions about education, occupation and plans for the future, the respondents were asked about parents, friends, etc. and also about their opinions of various conditions, e.g. factors of importance in connection with future occupation and their views of themselves. # The first four phases are filed as DDA-1363: Young People: Educational and Occupational Choice, 1968-1973. # #Phase 5: #The fifth interview phase consisted of face-to-face interviews in November 1976, when the young people were about 22 years old. # This fifth phase is filed as DDA-1364: Young People: Educational and Occupational Choice, 1976. # #Phase 6 (this survey): #The sixth interview phase consisted of face-to-face interviews in October 1992, when the young people were about 38 years old. 2958 of the original 3151 respondents still lived in Denmark, and 90% of them agreed to be interviewed

Keywords

Division of work within the home, Working conditions, The placing of work, Occupational conditions, Housing situation, Children, Skills upgrading, Family background, Family circumstances, Family planning, Future, Wish for the future, Leisure activity, Social behavior, Social background, Choice of education, Youn people's free time, Well-being

Classification

Society and culture: Social behaviour and attitudes, Society and culture: Social conditions and indicators, Society and culture: Leisure, tourism and sport, Social stratification and groupings: Children (see also child development and child rearing), Social stratification and groupings: Youth, Social stratification and groupings: Family life and marriage (including household composition and generations), Education: Compulsory and pre-school education, Education: Post-compulsory education, Education: Teaching profession, Labour and employment: Employment

Universe

Other:

Geographic Coverage

National, DK

Data set

Order data

Variables: 227
Analysis unit: Individuals, Young people between 14 and 15, who were in the 7th form in May 1968.

Respondents

In data set: 2670
Original sample: NA

Method

Kind of data: Survey data

Time dimension: Panel study, The youth panel survey consists of 6 waves of which the first four are included in DDA-1363, the fifth in DDA-1364, and the sixth in this survey (DDA-2190).

Sampling procedure: Other, Originally a representative sample of 152 7th forms in the entire country.

Action to minimize loos: NA

Data collection

Mode of collection: Face-to-face interview

Test type: Structured questionnaire

Number of questions: 225

Data Collector: NA

Temporal coverage

Start: 1992-10-01
End: 1992-10-30

Citation

Erik Jørgen Hansen, Young People: Educational and Occupational Choice, 1992, Dansk Data Arkiv, 2000. 1 data file: DDA-2190, version: 1.0.0, http://dx.doi.org/10.5279/DK-SA-DDA-2190

Persistent identifier:

DOI: 10.5279/DK-SA-DDA-2190

Archive information

Received: 1997-01-01
Published:

Access

Study state: The Danish Data Archive has fully documented and preserved the data in a long-term preservation format.
Access conditions: Free access

Metadata

DDI-L-3.1 XML Study metadata

Latest version: 1.0.0

Other metadata formats

DDA XML Study description

DataCite XML etc.

Publications

Primary publications

  • Ørum, Bente, Samspillet mellem social baggrund, intellektuelt niveau og placering i skolesystemet efter 7. klasse. Rapport nr. 1 fra ungdomsforløbsundersøgelsen, Teknisk Forlag, København., Socialforskningsinstituttet, Studie 20, 144 pp., 1971
  • Andersen, Bent Bøgh, En analyse af nogle aspekter af den "kulturelle" barriere mod uddannelsessøgning med baggrund i delingen efter 7. klasse. Rapport nr. 2 fra ungdomsforløbsundersøgelsen, Teknisk Forlag, København., Socialforskningsinstituttet, Studie 21, 234 pp., 1972
  • Andersen, Bent Bøgh og Hansen, Erik Jørgen, Forældre og skole. Rapport nr. 3 fra ungdomsforløbsundersøgelsen, Teknisk Forlag, København., Socialforskningsinstituttet, Studie 25, 106 pp., 1972
  • Ørum, Bente, Kønsforskelle blandt skoleungdom. Rapport nr. 4 fra ungdomsforløbsundersøgelsen, Teknisk Forlag, København., Socialforskningsinstituttet, Publikation 59, 216 pp., 1973
  • Hansen, Erik Jørgen, Afgangen fra skolesystemet før det 11. skoleår. Rapport nr. 5 fra ungdomsforløbsundersøgelsen, Teknisk Forlag, København., Socialforskningsinstituttet, Meddelelse 6, 130 pp., 1974
  • Ørum, Bente, Fra skole til erhverv. Rapport nr. 6 fra ungdomsforløbsundersøgelsen, Teknisk Forlag, København., Socialforskningsinstituttet, Meddelelse 7, 112 pp., 1974
  • Fridberg, Torben og Nørregaard, Carl, Uddannelsernes formidling af den sociale arv. Rapport nr. 7 fra ungdomsforløbsundersøgelsen, Teknisk Forlag, København., Socialforskningsinstituttet, Studie 35, 203 pp., 1978
  • Mærkedahl, Inge, Uddannelsesmønstre og erhvervsstruktur i Danmark. En historisk og geografisk analyse af ungdomsuddannelserne 1945-1975. Rapport nr. 8 fra ungdomsforløbsundersøgelsen, Teknisk Forlag, København., Socialforskningsinstituttet, Studie 37, 163 pp., 1978
  • Fridberg, Torben, Uddannelse og beskæftigelse omkring 22 års alderen. 1. delrapport fra ungdomsforløbsundersøgelsernes afslutning, Teknisk Forlag, København., Socialforskningsinstituttet, Meddelelse 33, 159 pp., 1981
  • Ørum, Bente, Hvem blev restgruppe? En social karakteristik af restgruppen af en årgang unge. 2. delrapport fra ungdomsforløbsundersøgelsernes afslutning, Teknisk Forlag, København., Socialforskningsinstituttet, Meddelelse 34, 142 pp., 1981
  • Hansen, Erik Jørgen, Hvem bryder den social arv? Ungdomsforløbsundersøgelsernes afsluttende rapport. Bind I., Teknisk Forlag, København., Socialforskningsinstituttet, Publikation 112, 244 pp., 1982
  • Hansen, Erik Jørgen, Den sociale rekruttering til HF og gymnasiet ved begyndelsen af 1970'erne, Socialforskningsinstituttet, Meddelelse 2, 29 pp., 1973
  • Hansen, Erik Jørgen, Lighed gennem uddannelse, Socialforskningsinstituttet, Pjece 1, 31 pp., 1972
  • Ørum, Bente, Unge i dag - Diskussionsoplæg, København: Socialforskningsinstituttet, Småtryk nr. 3, 23 pp., 1973
  • Nørregaard, Carl og Hansen, Erik Jørgen, Nogle beregninger over befolkningens skoleuddannelse omkring 1990, København: Socialforskningsinstituttet, Meddelelse nr. 4, 38 pp., 1973
  • Hansen, Erik Jørgen, En generation blev voksen. Den første velfærdsgeneration, København: Socialforskningsinstituttet, Rapport 95:8, 318 pp., 1995
  • Hansen, Erik Jørgen, The First Generation in the Welfare State. A Cohort Analysis. English Summary of the Publication: En generation blev voksen, København: Socialforskningsinstituttet, 96:4, 44 pp., 1996
  • Hansen, Erik Jørgen, Perspektiver og begrænsninger i studiet af den sociale rekruttering til uddannelserne, Socialforskningsinstituttet 97:17, 68 pp., 1997